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About Adenoids

About Adenoids

Definitions, Medical
An enlargement of the tonsils is called adenoid or adenoid vegetation . They are a typical problem in childhood and can lead to various health disorders. It is not uncommon for the adenoids to be surgically removed. What are adenoids? The Waldeyer'sche throat ring consists of tongue almond, palatine almond and pharyngeal almond. Adenoid or adenoid vegetation is the name given to the enlargement of the tonsils , for which doctors also use the term hyperplasia. Enlarged tonsils can become a mechanical problem by constricting the nasopharynx and / or leading to chronic inflammatory changes that affect not only the pharynx, but also the lungs and middle ear. Children between the ages of 3 and 7 are almost exclusively affected, as the pharyngeal tonsil tissue regresses with puberty ; in…
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About Acute Intermittent Porphyria

About Acute Intermittent Porphyria

Definitions, Medical
As acute intermittent porphyria , a subtype of porphyria is called. In this inherited disease, the organism is not able to correctly produce the blood pigment heme. What is Acute Intermittent Porphyria? In this inherited disease, the organism is not able to correctly produce the blood pigment heme. Heme is a component of hemoglobin, the red pigment in the blood. Acute intermittent porphyria ( AIP ) is one of four types of acute porphyria. The other three types are called hereditary coproporphyria , porphyria variegata and Doss porphyria . What they all have in common is that they suddenly experience abdominal pain that sometimes lasts for a few days. Acute intermittent porphyria, which is the most common form, is of particular medical relevance. It shows up primarily in women. Causes…
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About Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

About Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

Acronyms, Medical
A Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a hereditary disease, which is characterized by a defective synthesis of alpha-1-antitrypsin in the liver, causing damage to the liver and lungs. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is one of the causes of respiratory diseases that is often not recognized or recognized late. What is Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency? Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a hereditary disease that has lasting negative effects on the lungs and liver. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a hereditary disease that has lasting negative effects on the lungs and liver. Since the gene responsible for the disease can be subject to various mutations, different clinical pictures can emerge. These range from mild forms of the disease that cannot be accompanied by any symptoms to severe forms of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency which can lead to cirrhosis…
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About Fuzz Testing

About Fuzz Testing

Acronyms, Technology
What is fuzz testing? The search for bugs is usually done in an orderly manner. Fuzz testing, on the other hand, is characterized by adding random records. In this way, errors can be discovered that conventional test mechanisms remain hidden. In IT, a genesis myth is not necessarily one of the basic requirements for well-implemented methods. Nevertheless, there is a very clear history of the origin of what is known as fuzz testing. In the late 1980s, Barton Miller, a computer science professor in Madison, Wisconsin, used a landline connection to work from home at his Unix terminal at the university. During a thunderstorm, the signals did not come through the line as expected and the software received quasi random inputs between thunder and lightning. Even robust programs collapsed from…
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About Unity

About Unity

Definitions, Technology
What is Unity? Unity is a development environment for creating and designing computer games. With the help of the integrated programming environment MonoDevelop, you have the option of upgrading the numerous prefabricated Unity processes through individual programming in one of the following languages: UnityScript, C # (pronounced: C-Sharp) or Boo. Unity projects can also be used for learning and training purposes. For example, projects from the areas of VR (Virtual Reality) or AR (Augmented Reality) can be involved. Unity was first introduced in 2004. Unity is currently available in version 2017.2. Unity is offered in three different commercial versions, but also in the freely available Unity Personal version. These can be used privately or within a company if the profit is less than 100,000 US dollars per year. What are we doing with Unity? Unity…
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About TR

About TR

Acronyms
What is TR? According to AbbreviationFinder, the Reference Rate (TR) is a reference interest rate widely used as an indicator for contracts or financial assets. This rate is calculated by the Central Bank of Brazil. The TR emerged as a reference for interest rates in the Brazilian economy, being one of the instruments for controlling inflation. It was created during the Collor government in 1991, integrating a set of measures adopted by the "Collor II Plan". At the time it was created, the country was experiencing very high inflation and many contracts and investments indexed this inflation, generating even higher prices. TR was one of the ways the government of the time tried to use it so that the economy would no longer rely on such high rates. Currently, TR…
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About NTSC

About NTSC

Acronyms
NTSC (or National Television System Commission according to AbbreviationFinder) is a system of coding and transmission of television analog color developed in the United States around 1940, and is used today in the most of America and Japan, among other countries. A derivative of NTSC is the PAL system used in Europe and some countries in South America. History The NTSC television system consists of an extension of the North American monochrome (black and white) system, its development was started by the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) at the end of the 30s, but it was in the 50s when it was approved by the FCC. This system consists of the transmission of about 30 images per second formed by 486 (492) visible horizontal lines with up to 648 pixels each. To take better advantage…
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About Advanced Encryption Standard

About Advanced Encryption Standard

Acronyms, Technology
According to AbbreviationFinder, Advanced Encryption Standard is known as AES. In 1997, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) decided to hold a competition to choose a new encryption algorithm capable of protecting sensitive information during the 21st century. This algorithm was called Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). On January 2, 1997, NIST announced its intention to develop AES, with the help of the crypto industry and community. On September 12 of that year the formal call was made. In this call, several conditions were indicated for the algorithms to be presented: Be in the public domain, available to everyone. Be a symmetric encryption algorithm and support blocks of at least 128 bits. The encryption keys could be 128, 192 and 256 bits. Be implementable in both hardware and software. The…
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About AES

About AES

Acronyms
According to AbbreviationFinder, AES stands for Advanced Encryption Standard.Also known as Rijndael (pronounced "Rain Doll" in English), it is a block encryption scheme adopted as an encryption standard by the United States government. The AES was announced by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as FIPS PUB 197 of the United States (FIPS 197) on November 26, 2001 after a standardization process that lasted 5 years. It became an effective standard on May 26, 2002. Since 2006, AES is one of the most popular algorithms used in symmetric cryptography. The cipher was developed by two Belgian cryptologists, Joan Daemen and Vincent Rijmen, both students at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, and submitted to the AES selection process under the name "Rijndael". Pseudocode Key expansion using Rijndael's key scheme. Initial stage:…
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About RKI

About RKI

Acronyms, Education
The Robert Koch Institute, abbreviated as RKI by AbbreviationFinder, is a state institute based in Berlin. The RKI is a public health care facility. Its mission is to maintain the health of the population - that is, to recognize diseases, to combat them and to protect people from them. Diseases, especially infectious diseases, are being researched there on all levels. In order to find out what makes people sick and healthy, infectious and non-infectious diseases and their risk factors are examined in detail. The aim of the experts is to identify pathogens at an early stage and to combat them. The Robert Koch Institute is an independent authority subordinate to the Ministry of Health. It advises the federal ministries and draws attention to risks such as contagious diseases at an…
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About PCR

About PCR

Acronyms
Polymerase chain reaction The polymerase chain reaction, abbreviated as PCR by AbbreviationFinder is a molecular biological method for amplification of DNA segments. The method is now one of the standard procedures in molecular biology and was developed in 1985 by KB Mullis (* 1944, † 2019) . KB Mullis received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this in 1993. This is how PCR works The process of a PCR runs in cycles that comprise three steps: Denaturation: During denaturation, the DNA, which consists of two strands, is broken down into its individual strands by increasing the temperature to more than 90 ° C. This makes it accessible for reproduction. Binding of a primer: A primer is a short DNA sequence that can bind to its exact counterpart on the single strand of DNA, thereby…
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About NATO

About NATO

Acronyms
September 11, 2001 NATO's strategic concept from 1991 was updated in 1999. The purely military threats were further toned down, while other security threats, such as economic and political, were given a more prominent place. But the terrorist attacks that shook the United States on September 11, 2001, also affected NATO. This was underlined by the fact that, for the first time in its history, on 12 September 2001, NATO invoked the so-called Article 5 of the NATO Charter, which provides for mutual assistance in the event of an attack on a Member State. There were two somewhat paradoxical aspects of this situation. First, NATO had lived for more than 50 years in the notion that if Article 5 were ever invoked, it would be the United States that came…
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Meaning of Company Forms

Meaning of Company Forms

Definitions
The term corporate form describes the legal form under which a company is founded or managed by one, two or more people. Choosing the type of company is one of the most important decisions when starting a business. Because the corporate form not only defines the rights and obligations towards customers, suppliers and the state, but can also have a direct influence on the reputation and the serious impression of the company. The importance of the corporate form If a company is founded, the founder (s) must decide on a type of company. The reason for the importance of the corporate form is based on the different scope of liability. An overview of the individual corporate forms Sole proprietorship - sole trader, freelancer Partnership - GbR, OHG, KG, GmbH &…
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Meaning of Property Tax 3

Meaning of Property Tax 3

Definitions
How does the property tax work when there is a change of ownership? If you do not buy your new property on the key date, January 1st, on which property tax is paid for the entire year, you are probably wondering whether you have to pay the relevant sum on a pro-rata basis? The answer: no! The law clearly defines here that the owner of a plot of land or a property pays property tax on January 1st and then for the entire year. If you buy an object in May, for example, the debt in question is due by January 1st. compensated. Often, however, the buyer and seller draw up a contract independently of the legal regulation in which the buyer reimburses the seller the corresponding amount on a…
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Meaning of Property Tax 2

Meaning of Property Tax 2

Definitions
Property tax flat rate The so-called property tax unit value is determined by the responsible employees of the tax office. The so-called unit value is always used as the basis for all calculations relating to property tax. This is a market value of a property that has been determined by the authorities. However, these values ​​have not been adjusted in the western federal states since 1964, and not even since 1935 in the east of the Federal Republic. Of course, the real estate and land market has changed significantly since then. We will come back to this problem later. The level of the unit value of a property depends on various factors, such as the size and location of the property, the age of the building and the type of…
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Meaning of Property Tax

Meaning of Property Tax

Definitions
Every person who owns a property in Germany has to pay property tax to the municipality. It does not matter whether the property is built on or not. What is the property tax? The amount of property tax relates to the property or the heritable building rights to a property. This means: the more a property is worth, the more property tax has to be paid as a rule. All details that are important in this context are regulated by the property tax law. This means, among other things, that the said sum is currently composed of the unit value (determined by the tax office), the property tax index and an individual assessment rate. Exceptions exist, among other things, with regard to listed objects. Who has to pay all property…
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Meaning of International Women’s Day

Meaning of International Women’s Day

Definitions
Celebrated worldwide, 8 March is considered International Women's Day . The story of how this date was instituted is controversial and could be related to a factory fire during a strike. A group of American workers died in the fire. Despite the uncertainties as to the real reason for the institution of this commemorative date, the truth is that International Women's Day symbolizes, above all, the female struggle for equality and respect in a society that for a long time subjugated and inferiorized women in the most diverse aspects of its existence. Versions for the origin of women's day The classic version According to the version that was consecrated as true for a long time, International Women's Day emerged in the following context: a textile factory on the industrial outskirts…
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Meaning of Ideology

Meaning of Ideology

Definitions
Our society is formed by a series of principles and ideas that guide our behavior on a daily basis, without not always being aware of it. This set of ideas that guides the thinking of individuals in a society is called ideology . Consciously or unconsciously, every man follows a certain ideology, as he seeks an ideal for life. Relations with our family, with school and religion, allow us to get in touch with the first ideas and values ​​that form society, preparing us for social interaction. Religion is structured around a series of ideas and beliefs constituting its own ideology. In the 19th century, the thinker Karl Marx questioned the meaning of ideology, proposing its reinterpretation. For Marx, ideology - these ideas that guide us to live in society…
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Meaning of Domestic Violence

Meaning of Domestic Violence

Definitions
More than you might think, domestic violence is a phenomenon that is very present in families, affecting children, adolescents, women and the elderly, in greater proportions than that seen in relation to men. Domestic violence is understood as the manifestations of abuse that can affect the person psychologically. Forms of Domestic Violence Domestic violence against children and adolescents can manifest itself in several ways in addition to physical aggression. Thus, violence through threats, humiliations and other forms that affect children and adolescents psychologically is common. Another constant form of violence is omission : some parents fail to provide the necessary care for the growth of their children, who begin to suffer deprivations essential to their education, such as lack of affection, cleanliness and even adequate food. It is worth mentioning…
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Meaning of Hydrographic Basin

Meaning of Hydrographic Basin

Definitions
Every river runs a course from its source to its mouth or mouth. In this way, it can capture more water from other springs (dispersing centers) and swell. This area of ​​the journey made by several watercourses, coming from different regions, but converging to the same point, is what we call the hydrographic basin . The hydrographic basin, therefore, is the group formed by the main river, its tributaries and the lands bathed by them. Any watercourse that flows into another river or lake is considered an affluent or tributary, contributing to increase its volume of water. Formation Usually the source of the rivers that form the hydrographic basins is in the highest areas and corresponds to the outcrop of the groundwater table. Therefore, the occurrence of rain is essential…
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Meaning of Canker Sores

Meaning of Canker Sores

Definitions
If the mouth suddenly tingles or feels tight and extremely painful blisters appear in the throat, the diagnosis of canker sores is close. Here you can read everything about the common troublemakers in the mouth. Aphthae are painful blisters on the lining of the mouth that affect the inside of the lips, the roof of the mouth, the gums and the tongue. The pathogens and causes for the appearance of canker sores cannot be clearly identified. However, genetic causes seem to play a role. A treatment for canker sores is only possible against the symptoms and consists primarily of pain relief. What are canker sores? Aphthae are painful blisters in the area of ​​the oral mucosa, which are among the most common diseases in the mouth. Aphthae on the inside of the lips,…
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Meaning of Plaque

Meaning of Plaque

Definitions
Dental plaque or plaque not only looks unsightly, it also promotes the development of tooth decay. Brushing your teeth every day is the only way to remove plaque sustainably. Dental plaque develops continuously, even directly after brushing your teeth. It is a bacterial coating that only becomes dangerous for the teeth at a certain stage. The first group of bacteria is not yet harmful; it only becomes critical with the colonization of anaerobic bacteria. Regular dental care and professional teeth cleaning by the dentist are the ways to keep the harmful deposits to a minimum. What is the plaque on the teeth? The human oral cavity is home to numerous microorganisms. Far from all of them are harmful, on the contrary. However, there are also bacteria that are more harmful…
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Meaning of Whitening

Meaning of Whitening

Definitions
A radiant smile with white teeth is one of the most important characteristics of a personable charisma and beauty. If the teeth darken over time or are naturally not as white as desired, whitening can lighten the tooth color by a few shades. Bleaching is the process of whitening discolored, dead or naturally yellow teeth with bleaching agents (English "to bleach"). Intact teeth are whitened by the dentist on the outside of the enamel using in-office whitening or power whitening. In the case of dead teeth, the bleaching solution is filled into the tooth from the inside as walking bleaching. Home bleaching products from the drugstore usually only work with the less effective reduction bleaching method. What is whitening? According to Digopaul, bleaching or tooth whitening is the name given…
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Meaning of Bonus Booklet

Meaning of Bonus Booklet

Definitions
The bonus booklet for visits to the dentist was introduced in 1989. For regular dentist visits, members of statutory health insurance companies receive stamps in the bonus booklet, with which they can reduce their co-payments for dentures. Every adult should go to the dentist at least once a year for a check-up. Those who regularly take this precautionary measure will be rewarded with cost savings. However, the bonus booklet does not only offer the opportunity to save money; it also reminds the insured of regular visits to the dentist. In this way, the doctor can discover and remedy dental diseases at an early stage. Thanks to preventive measures, major interventions can often be avoided. Statutory health insurance should have a visit to the dentist certified in the bonus booklet every…
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Meaning of CMD

Meaning of CMD

Acronyms
According to abbreviationfinder, CMD stands for "craniomandibular dysfunction", the spelling "craniomandibular dysfunction" is also common. In general, it is a dysfunction of the masticatory system, more precisely a dysfunction of the temporomandibular joints. Even if many people have CMD findings, treatment is only necessary in a few cases. The CMD (craniomandibular dysfunction) is a dysregulation of the chewing apparatus, especially the temporomandibular joints. The malfunction can lead to a wide variety of symptoms, such as headache and neck pain, difficulty chewing, dizziness and teeth grinding. The most common causes of craniomandibular dysfunction include changes in the teeth, trauma, and psychosocial factors such as stress. If treatment is started early, there is a good chance that symptoms will go away completely. Definition: what is a CMD? Craniomandibular dysfunction is a dysregulation…
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Meaning of Dysgnathia

Meaning of Dysgnathia

Definitions
The term is derived from the Greek words "Dys" for "Miss" and "gnathós" for "jaw". Dysgnathia summarizes all symptoms that occur due to a misalignment of the jaws, the teeth or a malfunction of the chewing apparatus. What are the underlying causes and what healing options are there? Dysgnathia can be congenital or acquired. Symptoms of dysgnathia are far-reaching and are not necessarily associated with it from the start. In the case of an operation, the duration of treatment, including preparation and follow-up, can be up to four years. Since dysgnathia is seldom an exclusively cosmetic operation, the health insurance companies assume the expenses if a treatment and cost plan is available. Causes of Dysgnathia On the one hand, dysgnathia can be congenital. The jaws are not lining up properly…
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Meaning of Fissure Sealing

Meaning of Fissure Sealing

Definitions
Fissure sealing or tooth sealing is usually carried out on the back teeth (molars). The aim of this measure is to prevent tooth decay. It usually takes place in childhood or adolescence. The risk of fissure caries is particularly high in the first two years after the posterior teeth have erupted. When sealing a fissure, the doctor puts a thin filling material into the furrows of the chewing surface to noticeably reduce the tooth's susceptibility to caries. The tooth seal usually consists of a plastic based on dimethacrylate, sometimes also of glass ionomer cement. Doctors usually seal the chewing surface on children between the ages of 6 and 17. The statutory health insurance only pays the treatment costs for under 18-year-olds and only for the two rear molars. What is…
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Meaning of Fluorosis

Meaning of Fluorosis

Definitions
The clinical picture of fluorosis describes an excessive supply of fluorine into the body over a longer period of time. Doctors differentiate between skeletal fluorosis, which affects bone structure, and dental fluorosis. Fluorosis is common in countries that use drinking water fortified with fluorine. Fluorosis is a sign of damaged tooth enamel. The cause can be an excessive intake of fluorine. Toothpastes with too high a fluorine content can cause long-term changes, especially in young children. The final disposal is very costly. What is fluorosis? According to Digopaul, fluorine is considered to be a preventive measure against tooth decay. It is not for nothing that many toothpastes contain fluorine. According to medical professionals, one milligram a day is sufficient to serve a caries prophylactic purpose. In a higher dosage, however,…
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Meaning of Straight Teeth

Meaning of Straight Teeth

Definitions
People with a misalignment wonder whether straight teeth are possible without braces. Fortunately, there are a few methods that can be used to straighten an imperfect row of teeth. The best-known alternatives to braces include aligners, lingual braces, palatal expansions and retainers. Only a specialist can show which methods are suitable for straightening the teeth in an individual case. Statutory health insurance companies only guarantee standard care. Supplementary dental insurance can therefore be worthwhile. Straight teeth: alternatives to braces To find out which alternative treatments are available for straightening teeth, an examination by an orthodontist is essential. If you are interested in one of the alternatives, you should think in advance what exactly is bothering you or which blemishes should be fixed. After learning what the treatment should be aimed…
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Meaning of Bathroom

Meaning of Bathroom

Definitions
There are more than a dozen meanings of the term bath, which comes from the Latin word balneum. In its broadest sense, it refers to the act and result of bathing: making something or someone submerged in water or another liquid. A bath, therefore, can consist of getting wet or immersed in water with the aim of sanitizing or cooling off. For a deeper hygiene, it is usual to use soap in combination with water. For example: “I'm going to take a bath before dinner”, “I need a bath: I just got back from playing soccer”, “This morning I took a nice bath in the sea”. Depending on the culture of each country, the frequency with which people practice personal hygiene may vary. Although not all citizens of a nation…
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