Short for International Telecommunication Union according to abbreviationfinder, the ITU is the specialized agency of the United Nations for information and communication technologies – ICT. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, and has 12 regional and area offices around the world. ITU currently has 193 member countries and more than 700 private sector entities and academic institutions.
On September 3, 1932, the joint meeting of the XIII Conference of the International Telegraphic Union UTI, created in Paris on May 17, 1865, and the III Conference of the International Radiotelegraphic Union URI began in Madrid, Spain, and on the 9th On December of the same year, by virtue of the agreements reached at said meeting, the Agreement was signed by which the International Telecommunications Union was created, which in the future would replace the two previous organizations UTI and URI. The new name began to be used from January 1934.
As the global coordinator for governments and the private sector, ITU’s role encompasses:
Three fundamental sectors
- ITU-T: Telecommunication Standardization Sector formerly CCITT.
- ITU-R: Radiocommunication Standardization Sector formerly CCIR.
- ITU-D: Telecommunication Development Sector, this is new.
It also organizes TELECOM events and was the main sponsor of the World Summit on the Information Society.
Headquarters and members
The ITU is based in Geneva, Switzerland and is made up of 192 Member States and more than 700 Sector Members. In general, the regulations generated by the ITU are contained in a broad set of documents called Recommendations, grouped by Series. Each series is made up of the Recommendations corresponding to the same subject, for example Pricing, Maintenance, etc. Although in the Recommendations it is never “ordered”, it is only “recommended”, its content, at the level of international relations, is considered mandatory by the Administrations and Companies.
ITU in Informatics 2011
The ITU was present at Informática 2011 and, according to Hamadoun Touré, general secretary of the ITU, assured that it is working to solve the violation of the international radio communication regulation that affects the radioelectric spectrum of Cuba, in addition to the fact that the problems of radio violation are not technical problems. but political, and announced that he has been working with some officials to find the solution.
Hamadoun Toré gave a lecture on the need to access new technologies in addition to having the possibility to create and share, stating that the broadband Internet connection is a fundamental ally in meeting the millennium goals. He assured that faster access to the network would help reduce food vulnerabilities, health problems and access to jobs.