About Brucellosis

About Brucellosis

Definitions, Medical
The Brucellosis is an infectious disease that is transmitted by certain bacteria mainly on livestock and livestock products. If the therapy is started in good time, the disease is mostly harmless. What is brucellosis? According to DigoPaul, brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the Brucella genus. Both humans and animals can be affected. Depending on the pathogen, a distinction is made between different brucellosis: The so-called Malta or Mediterranean fever is the type of brucellosis that is most commonly found in humans. It is caused by the species Brucella melitensis, which is native to the Mediterranean region, Africa and Central and South America. Bang's disease, swine and canine brucellosis are rare in humans. In Germany, brucellosis diseases are notifiable. Causes Brucellosis is usually transmitted to humans through…
Read More
About CDAGS Syndrome

About CDAGS Syndrome

Definitions, Medical
In medicine, the CDAGS syndrome is a rare complex of malformations that is primarily associated with cranial anomalies. The symptom complex has a hereditary basis and is caused by mutation on chromosome 22. A causal therapy does not yet exist. What is CDAGS Syndrome? According to DigoPaul, CDAGS syndrome is also known as CAP syndrome and is an extremely rare hereditary disease. The prevalence is estimated to be one in 1,000,000 people. The disease was first described in the 21st century. R. Mendoza-Londono and his colleagues are considered to be the first to describe it and give it its name. The term CDAGS syndrome is an acronym. This acronym contains the clinical combination of features that characterize the symptom complex. The C stands in this connection for craniosynostosis, which shortens…
Read More
About Chorioretinitis

About Chorioretinitis

Definitions, Medical
The Chorioretinitis is a serious inflammation of the ocular fundus, which many may be due. Without drug treatment, there is a risk of permanent visual impairment. In the worst case, blindness occurs as a result of chorioretinitis. What is chorioretinitis? Chorioretinitis is an inflammation of the retina (retina) and choroid (choroid) of the eye. The retina consists of light-sensitive sensory cells and the dissipating nerve cells. The choroid, with its intensive blood supply, supplies the tissue of the retina with nutrients and oxygen. The close connection between the retina and choroid almost always leads to a joint infestation of both tissue layers in inflammatory processes in the eye. The foci of inflammation appear as bright, yellowish-white spots, mostly scattered (chorioretinitis disseminata). An infection over the entire surface of the retina…
Read More
About Asplenia

About Asplenia

Definitions, Medical
In the case of asplenia, the function of the spleen is disturbed or does not exist at all. This circumstance can be congenital or acquired. The spleen is an important organ in the human immune system as it is responsible for filtering certain pathogens in the blood. Usually, the body's immune system can compensate for the lack of function of the spleen. However, asplenia patients are at greater risk of developing life-threatening sepsis due to bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infections. For this type of infection, these people should therefore be treated as soon as possible. What is asplenia? Asplenia is an inability of the spleen to function. The organ is also called Lien or Splen and is located in the left upper abdomen. The spleen consists of connective tissue through…
Read More
About Autoimmune Disease

About Autoimmune Disease

Definitions, Medical
An autoimmune disease has many faces. But it is not external enemies such as viruses, bacteria, benign or malignant growths that are at work, but the body's own defenses. What is an autoimmune disease? According to DigoPaul, an autoimmune disease is a disease in which the body's own defense system attacks its own structures such as cells and tissues. Autoimmune disease is a collective term for around 60 autoimmune diseases such as B. Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, rheumatism, Wegener's disease, etc. They are differentiated according to the following criteria: Organ-specific immune diseases: Excessive reactions of the immune system attack specific organs and destroy their tissues. This form is the most common. Systemic autoimmune diseases: This form is not limited to specific organs, but affects inflammatory diseases in the body, such…
Read More
About Intervertebral Disc Degeneration

About Intervertebral Disc Degeneration

Acronyms, Medical
A disc degeneration or disc wear is characterized by wear of discs. A main therapeutic focus is on combating symptoms that occur. What is intervertebral disc degeneration? Disc degeneration is wear and tear on the intervertebral discs (the cartilage intervertebral discs in the spine). In the course of intervertebral disc degeneration abbreviated as IDD by AbbreviationFinder, the intervertebral discs become thinner and more cracked, so that they are less able to buffer the vertebral bodies against each other. This places increased stress on the vertebral bodies. In most cases, the intervertebral discs in the lumbar and / or cervical spine are affected by disc degeneration. Typical complaints that are often associated with intervertebral disc degeneration are local back pain, which can be exacerbated by muscle tension. The risk of suffering…
Read More
About Arteriosclerosis

About Arteriosclerosis

Acronyms, Medical
A arteriosclerosis¬†is usually also called hardening of the arteries. In the course of an unhealthy lifestyle, cholesterol, fat and lime (plaque) are deposited in the arteries, which then do not allow sufficient blood or oxygen to pass through an arterial constriction. What is atherosclerosis? The popularly known disease of hardening of the arteries is referred to in medicine as arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis. According to DigoPaul, it is a disease of the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to supply other organs with oxygen. This then leads to a narrowing of the vessels. Atherosclerosis is triggered by so-called plaque, which in turn can consist of fats, lime, clots and leg tissue. Over the years, it sticks to the walls of the blood vessels and thus allows less…
Read More
About Adenoids

About Adenoids

Definitions, Medical
An enlargement of the tonsils is called adenoid or adenoid vegetation . They are a typical problem in childhood and can lead to various health disorders. It is not uncommon for the adenoids to be surgically removed. What are adenoids? The Waldeyer'sche throat ring consists of tongue almond, palatine almond and pharyngeal almond. Adenoid or adenoid vegetation is the name given to the enlargement of the tonsils , for which doctors also use the term hyperplasia. Enlarged tonsils can become a mechanical problem by constricting the nasopharynx and / or leading to chronic inflammatory changes that affect not only the pharynx, but also the lungs and middle ear. Children between the ages of 3 and 7 are almost exclusively affected, as the pharyngeal tonsil tissue regresses with puberty ; in…
Read More
About Acute Intermittent Porphyria

About Acute Intermittent Porphyria

Definitions, Medical
As acute intermittent porphyria , a subtype of porphyria is called. In this inherited disease, the organism is not able to correctly produce the blood pigment heme. What is Acute Intermittent Porphyria? In this inherited disease, the organism is not able to correctly produce the blood pigment heme. Heme is a component of hemoglobin, the red pigment in the blood. Acute intermittent porphyria ( AIP ) is one of four types of acute porphyria. The other three types are called hereditary coproporphyria , porphyria variegata and Doss porphyria . What they all have in common is that they suddenly experience abdominal pain that sometimes lasts for a few days. Acute intermittent porphyria, which is the most common form, is of particular medical relevance. It shows up primarily in women. Causes…
Read More
About Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

About Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

Acronyms, Medical
A Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a hereditary disease, which is characterized by a defective synthesis of alpha-1-antitrypsin in the liver, causing damage to the liver and lungs. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is one of the causes of respiratory diseases that is often not recognized or recognized late. What is Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency? Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a hereditary disease that has lasting negative effects on the lungs and liver. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a hereditary disease that has lasting negative effects on the lungs and liver. Since the gene responsible for the disease can be subject to various mutations, different clinical pictures can emerge. These range from mild forms of the disease that cannot be accompanied by any symptoms to severe forms of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency which can lead to cirrhosis…
Read More