About Menorrhagia (Long and Heavy Menstrual Bleeding)

Definitions, Medical
Long and heavy menstrual bleeding is called menorrhagia in gynecology. A lot of mucous membrane builds up during the monthly cycle and during the menstrual period there is a long and heavy bleeding. The opposite of menorrhagia is oligomenorrhoea (short and weak menstrual bleeding). What is menorrhagia? The monthly cycle of a woman of childbearing age is usually twenty-eight days. Four to seven days of this, the woman has her monthly menstrual period, during which the tissue built up over the month for pregnancy is shed. See AbbreviationFinder for abbreviations related to Menorrhagia. If this pregnancy does not take place, this superfluous tissue is removed again under complicated hormonal processes. This process repeats itself from the first menstrual period in early puberty to the last before menopause, the so-called menopause. Most…
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About Messie Syndrome

Definitions, Medical
Patients with messie syndrome live in absolute chaos. The cause of the chaos are obsessive-compulsive disorders with mostly neurotic fear of letting go. Treatment is a combination of medication and talk or behavioral therapy. What is Messie Syndrome? The messie syndrome gets its name from the English verb "to mess up" which means "to mess something up". People with messie syndrome, colloquially referred to as so-called messies, live in an unbearable mess. Disorder is the norm in their homes and sometimes in their workplaces. See AbbreviationFinder for abbreviations related to Messie Syndrome. In the ICD-10, the messie syndrome is not treated as a clinical picture, but assigned to the obsessive -compulsive disorder . Obsessive-compulsive disorder is characterized by uncomfortable thoughts that force certain actions to occur in a repetitive manner. Patients…
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About Insular Talent

About Insular Talent

Definitions, Medical
Insularity is the modern term for a particular intelligence profile, formerly known by the discriminatory name "idiot savant" or the misleading term savant. Insular ability occurs when there is an uneven ability spectrum. Insular individuals do not therefore have a balanced, evenly distributed intelligence, but they have insular talents; often they are autistic. What is an island talent? People who want to know more about the quality of the gift should consult a doctor so that specific tests can give an accurate indication of the island gift. In many cases, however, the person concerned shows more than just a high level of talent in one area. See AbbreviationFinder for abbreviations related to Insular Talent. Insular ability, i.e. high performance only in a small sub-area of ​​cognitive performance, is a phenomenon that is mostly…
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About Temporomandibular Disorders

About Temporomandibular Disorders

Definitions, Medical
Jaw joint diseases are usually due to a disturbed interaction of teeth, jaw joints and jaw muscles. About 70 percent of Germans are affected by pain of various degrees in the neck, head and face area, which in many cases can be traced back to functional disorders or diseases of the temporomandibular joint. What are temporomandibular joint disorders? First and foremost, temporomandibular joint disorders can lead to tinnitus or other noises in the ears. This noise in the ears has a very negative effect on the quality of life and can usually also lead to sleep disorders in the patient. See AbbreviationFinder for abbreviations related to Temporomandibular Disorders. Jaw joint disorders (also known as craniomandibular dysfunction) are different malfunctions in the interaction of the lower and upper jaw that are due to functional disorders of…
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About Globule Cell Anemia

About Globule Cell Anemia

Definitions, Medical
Kugelzellanemia is a genetic disease with the main symptom being anemia . The anemia is due to the reduced lifespan of red blood cells due to defects in the erythrocyte membrane. Treatment consists of removing the spleen. What is globule cell anemia? Due to the hereditary membrane defect, the red blood cells lose their originally intended shape. Their flat biconcave shape becomes spherical with low surface tension. See AbbreviationFinder for abbreviations related to Globule Cell Anemia. Hemolytic anemias are types of anemia in which the lifespan of red blood cells is greatly reduced. Spherical cell anemia is also a hemolytic anemia. The disease is also called hereditary spherocytosis and is therefore a genetic anemia based on a structural defect in the erythrocytes. This form of anemia is the most common anemic…
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About Leukemia

About Leukemia

Definitions, Medical
Leukemia or blood cancer is a relatively rare type of cancer, but its effects can be very dangerous and life-threatening. However, leukemia can be cured with timely treatment nowadays. What is leukemia, blood cancer? A doctor's visit should be made if the diffuse feeling of illness persists. If you experience persistent tiredness, physical weakness after carrying out normal errands or an increased need for sleep, you should consult a doctor. See AbbreviationFinder for abbreviations related to Leukemia. Leukemia or blood cancer is a life-threatening disease that can quickly lead to death if not treated by a specialist. The insidious thing about the disease is that in the early stages there are no symptoms of blood cancer. The course of the disease without symptoms can extend over several years in chronic leukemia.…
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About Faecal Impaction

About Faecal Impaction

Definitions, Medical
Faecal impaction is the build-up or accumulation of stool in the large intestine. It is therefore also alternatively called fecal congestion or stool impaction. The English terms are coprostasis or fecal impaction. What is faecal impaction? Faecal impaction is generally accompanied by severe pain in the lower abdomen. They usually occur on the right side and intensify as soon as there is a defecation reflex. See AbbreviationFinder for abbreviations related to Faecal Impaction. The faecal impaction is not actually a disease. Rather, as a symptom, it represents a serious disturbance of the final digestion and thus a serious health problem. The stool in the rectum is not transported further in affected patients and accumulates primarily in the last area of ​​the rectum, the rectum. A steady dehydration of the stool follows,…
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About Hypogonadism

About Hypogonadism

Definitions, Medical
Both men and women can be affected by hypogonadism. In most cases, the disease can be successfully treated with hormone replacement therapy. What is hypogonadism? Diagnostic procedures that are used when hypogonadism is suspected differ, among other things, depending on the respective form of the disease and the individual symptoms. Changed hormone levels can be detected, for example, with the help of blood tests. See AbbreviationFinder for abbreviations related to Hypogonadism. In general, the term hypogonadism describes an underfunction of the gonads (gonads). In the human body, the gonads are responsible for the production of germ cells (egg cells or sperm) and sex hormones. However, the term hypogonadism in medical parlance often only refers to an underfunction of the male gonads (the testicles). Hypogonadism is an endocrine (hormonal system) disorder. A…
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About Hyperglycemia

About Hyperglycemia

Definitions, Medical
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, is an emerging symptom of diabetes and refers to elevated blood sugar levels. Hyperglycaemia can be avoided with proper nutrition, medication and monitoring of levels. What is hyperglycemia? Elevated blood sugar levels initially lead to tiredness and exhaustion. The patients often feel exhausted and find it difficult to get out of bed in the morning. See AbbreviationFinder for abbreviations related to Hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, occurs in people with diabetes. Many causes can lead to hyperglycemia in people with diabetes; these include food or exercise choices, disease, medication, or inadequate administration of medication to lower blood sugar levels. It is very important to treat hyperglycemia because untreated hyperglycemia can have very serious consequences and lead to serious side effects; for example, a diabetic coma…
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About Coughing

About Coughing

Definitions, Medical
Coughing usually occurs in connection with a cold. Since those affected cough constantly, it can be a big problem, especially at night - namely when it affects sleep. But it can also have other causes. What is cough irritation? Also known in medical jargon as a dry cough, the term refers to a persistent, severe cough caused by irritation in the lower respiratory tract. According to abbreviationfinder, coughing fits are often the result. It is characteristic that it is not accompanied by sputum. Therefore, it is a so-called unproductive cough. Pain can also occur in this context. In general, coughing is considered the body's protective reflex to clear the airways. It should be noted that it is not a disease in itself, but a side effect. Basically, a distinction should…
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About Incontinence (Urinary Incontinence)

About Incontinence (Urinary Incontinence)

Definitions, Medical
Many people who suffer from incontinence or specifically urinary incontinence (Latin: Incontinentia urinae) are ashamed of their illness. But in Germany about 6 to 8 million people are affected, women more often than men. Incontinence is characterized by various symptoms and can also be the result of a wide variety of diseases. What is incontinence (urinary incontinence)? Schematic representation of the anatomy and structure of the urinary bladder. According to abbreviationfinder, incontinence can take many forms. Common to all are problems with holding and self-determined delivery of urine. With increasing age, the probability of severe forms of incontinence increases. In the case of urge incontinence, the patient suddenly feels the need to empty his bladder. In the case of stress incontinence, stress (coughing, sneezing, etc.) triggers an involuntary loss of…
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About Benign Breast Tumors

About Benign Breast Tumors

Definitions, Medical
Breast palpation is part of the standard checkup at every gynecologist visit. You should also check your breast regularly for lumps at home. Most are benign breast tumors and are not symptoms of cancer, but this should always be clarified by a doctor. What are benign breast tumors? According to Digopaul, benign breast tumors, also known as benign breast tumors, are changes in the breast that are not pathological. A benign tumor does not mean breast cancer. There are different types of these benign changes: An overgrowth of connective and glandular tissue is called a fibroadenoma. It can be felt as a clearly defined nodule. A lipoma is an overgrowth of adipose tissue cells and is usually very small. The phylloid tumor is similar to the fibroadenoma. It also grows…
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About Heart Defect

About Heart Defect

Definitions, Medical
According to DigoPaul, a heart defect or cardiac vitium is a general term for disorders of the composition and structure of the heart. A distinction is made between heart defects that are acquired (e.g. due to infections or heart diseases) and congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects are usually cardiac malformations that can be detected and treated in the womb or in the newborn. Nevertheless, heart defects can usually be treated for a lifetime. What is a heart defect? The word heart defect is the generic term for both congenital malformations of the heart and for congenital or acquired heart valve defects. Furthermore, congenital heart defects are divided into acynotic and cyanotic heart defects. Cyanosis is the bluish-red discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes as a result of a…
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About Fornix Rupture

About Fornix Rupture

Definitions, Medical
If the fornix ruptures, there is a tear in the pelvis of the kidney. The term is derived from the Latin word for "breakthrough". The damage typical for the disease occurs in the renal pelvis in the section that leads to the parenchyma. The tear is therefore close to the parenchymal tissue. As a result of the fornix rupture, urine from the kidney's pelvis passes into the surrounding tissue. The cause of the disease is found in numerous cases in an acutely increased pressure that acts on the calyx system of the renal pelvis. What is a fornix rupture? According to WHOLEVEHICLES.COM, the fornix rupture is damage to the renal pelvis in a special section in which the parenchyma adjoins. The crack in the pelvis of the kidney forms due…
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About Jugular Foramen Syndrome

About Jugular Foramen Syndrome

Definitions, Medical
The jugular foramen syndrome is also known as Vernet syndrome and corresponds to a failure of the three cranial nerves IX, X and XI, which manifests itself in symptoms of dysphonia and dysphagia. Usually the cause is a tumor in the middle area of the jugular forman. The treatment is carried out by means of excision, since radiation therapy in this area has proven to be particularly harmful. What is Jugular Foramen Syndrome? According to WHICHEVERHEALTH.COM, the jugular foramen is also known as the throttle hole and corresponds to a large opening in the area of the skull base through which the nerve pathways descend to the neck area. The anatomical structure is located behind the exit of the internal carotid artery. The anterior border of the area is formed…
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About Foramen Parietal Permagnum

About Foramen Parietal Permagnum

Definitions, Medical
The parietal foramen is an opening on the upper edge of the so-called parietal bone on the skull. The parietal emissary vein, which connects to the superior sagittal sinus, and a secondary branch of the occipital artery pass through it. The presence and size of such foramina differs from person to person. While in some people there is no parietal foramen at all, a congenital foramen parietal permagnum disease leads to an abnormal enlargement of the same. What is Parietal Permagnum Foramen? According to TOPBBACOLLEGES.COM, a parietal permagnum foramen is a rare, congenital cranial bone defect based on a gene mutation. This is usually located on both sides of the parietal bone about one centimeter lateral to the sagittal suture and above the lambdoid suture. The main apparent feature is…
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About Folic Acid Deficiency

About Folic Acid Deficiency

Definitions, Medical
According to SPORTINGOLOGY.COM, Folic acid is absorbed through food and plays a crucial role in many processes in the human body. A deficiency in folic acid has a correspondingly strong impact on our health. However, no one has to suffer from such a shortage in our latitudes - it is enough food with which one the folic acid deficiency effective prevention or fight it and can perform folic acid. What is Folic Acid Deficiency? If you suffer from a folic acid deficiency, your organism has too little of this vital vitamin available to be able to work optimally. The fact that folic acid is particularly known as the "pregnancy vitamin" is due to the fact that folic acid is needed to form DNA. Of course, this is particularly important during…
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About Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis

About Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis

Definitions, Medical
The focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is characterized by a partially scarring of individual glomeruli. It is a group of different diseases that in the majority of cases can lead to nephrotic syndrome. Treatment depends on the underlying cause. What is focal segmental glomerulosclerosis? According to POLYHOBBIES.COM, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is a collective term for various different diseases that lead to partial scarring (sclerosis) in kidney tissue. Focal sclerosing glomerulonephritis is also used synonymously. The addition "focal segmental" already indicates that glomerulonephritis does not affect the entire kidney, but only certain kidney corpuscles. Furthermore, not the entire tangle of vessels in the kidney corpuscles is affected. Here, too, individual vascular lobules remain unaffected by the changes. Filtration processes of the primary urine take place in the kidney corpuscles. However, the sclerosis…
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About Foix-Chavany-Marie Syndrome

About Foix-Chavany-Marie Syndrome

Definitions, Medical
The Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome is a bilateral paralysis of the facial, chewing and swallowing muscles. It is caused by damage to the cerebral cortex and leads to speech and eating disorders. Although therapy can improve the patient's condition, full recovery is not possible. What is Foix-Chavany-Marie Syndrome? According to HOWSMB.COM, Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome is a rare, neurologically caused syndrome. There is less than one patient with the syndrome for every million patients. So far only about 150 affected patients have been recorded. The disease was named after the discoverers Charles Foix, Jean AE Chavany and Julien Marie. The terms faciopharyngoglossomasticatory diplegia and bilateral anterior operculum syndrome (AOS) are other names for the same disorder. The Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome is the result of bilateral damage to the cerebral cortex, i.e. the operculum. It results…
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About Fluid Retention

About Fluid Retention

Definitions, Medical
A fluid retention but may also be due to a diet with increased sodium values on organic causes, a hormonal changes or hormone disorder. A remedy can be achieved with a change in diet as well as with more exercise and sport. Local topical applications with old home remedies are very helpful. Oral medication is also possible for fluid retention. What is fluid retention? According to HEALTHKNOWING.COM, fluid retention is the accumulation of fluid in the body due to insufficient elimination of water. This creates water retention in the tissue with the formation of effusions and edema. Causes The cause of fluid retention can already be found in the diet. For example, if the food is prepared with a lot of salt or very strongly (spicy) seasoned. If a lot…
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About Fleas (Flea Bite)

About Fleas (Flea Bite)

Definitions, Medical
Fleas or a flea bite usually occur with very severe itching. Small pustules can be seen on the affected areas, often a large number of them. The bites of these parasites are not dangerous at our level, but extremely unpleasant. You can protect yourself against it by taking appropriate measures. What is a flea bite? According to GRADPHYSICS.COM, flea infestation is usually very easy to recognize: there are many small pustules on the skin, which often cause severe itching. These pustules are light red, slightly raised and about one centimeter in size. The individual reddening of the skin usually occurs in groups or even in a row. To avoid secondary infection, the affected areas of the skin should not be scratched. Otherwise pathogens can penetrate the skin and cause inflammation.…
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About Flynn-Aird Syndrome

About Flynn-Aird Syndrome

Definitions, Medical
When Flynn-Aird syndrome is a rare malformation syndrome of the central nervous system, also known as hereditary neuroektodermales syndrome is known. The cause of the symptoms is a genetic disorder during embryonic development. A causal therapy is not yet available. What is Flynn-Aird Syndrome? According to GRADINMATH.COM, Flynn-Aird syndrome is a complex of symptoms from the group of malformation syndromes. The complex is often referred to as a neuroecrodermal syndrome. The neoectoderm is part of the outer cotyledon of the embryo and develops from the neural plate during embryonic development. This process is also known as neurulation and its goal is the formation of the nervous system. In Flynn-Aird syndrome, there is an abnormal development of the nervous system. The result is deafness caused by the central nervous system. In…
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About River Blindness (Onchocerciasis)

About River Blindness (Onchocerciasis)

Definitions, Medical
The onchocerciasis - or river blindness - is a parasitic disease caused by volvulus worm filaria Onchocerca. River blindness is one of the most common infectious causes of blindness in the world. What is river blindness? According to GRADCHEM.COM, river blindness is a massive health problem in over 99% of all cases in sub-Saharan Africa, but it is also known in Yemen and Latin America. In the past, fear of river blindness caused many people to abandon the fertile river valleys of the African savannah. An estimated 18 million people are infected with river blindness, and around half a million people are blind or visually impaired by the disease. River blindness also triggers skin changes with depigmentation and severe, relentless itching. Untreated infection with river blindness reduces the host's immunity…
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About Fluorosis

About Fluorosis

Definitions, Medical
The fluorosis is can affect a disease that different areas of the body. To combat fluorosis, excessive fluoride intake must first be stopped. What is fluorosis? In medicine, the term fluorosis is used to summarize diseases that can be traced back to an oversupply of the human organism with fluorine (a mineral that is found in bones and teeth, among other things). According to FOODANDDRINKJOURNAL.COM, the forms of fluorosis include, for example, dental and bone fluorosis (skeletal fluorosis). While dental fluorosis makes up the most common cases of fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis occurs comparatively rarely. If dental fluorosis is present, it can manifest itself, for example, in brownish-yellowish or chalky-white discoloration of the teeth, depending on the severity. The resistance of tooth enamel to tooth decay is reduced in the case…
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About Fear of Flying (Aviophobia)

About Fear of Flying (Aviophobia)

Definitions, Medical
As fear of flying a phobia is generally against the fly with the aircraft denoted (Aviophobie). However, it can occur as soon as you enter an airport or when you see a plane. Fear of flying is one of the mental illnesses. What is fear of flying? According to ELECTRONICSENCYCLOPEDIA.COM, a fear of flying manifests itself with panic-like symptoms or symptoms typical of the disease when a flight is imminent. Those affected react to this with considerable stress, with loss of control and anxiety attacks or panic attacks. The fear of flying can also be seen in sweaty hands, upset stomach, vomiting or headaches. The racing heart and a much higher pulse are also part of it when those affected realize the supposed dangers of a flight. The fear of…
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About Floating Harbor Syndrome

About Floating Harbor Syndrome

Definitions, Medical
When Floating-Harbor syndrome is a disorder where the affected patients suffer from birth. Floating Harbor Syndrome occurs with a relatively low average frequency in the population. Short stature with abnormalities on the face are typical of the disease. In addition, the language ability of the person with floating harbor syndrome develops delayed. What is Floating Harbor Syndrome? According to DICTIONARYFORALL.COM, Floating Harbor Syndrome is known by some doctors using the synonymous terms Floating Harbor short stature or Pelletier-Leisti syndrome. The latter name refers to the two doctors who first described the condition. These are two medical professionals from the United States of America. As part of the disease, the affected patients suffer from deformities in the face as well as a characteristic short stature. The age of the bones is…
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About Honeymoon Cystitis

About Honeymoon Cystitis

Definitions, Medical
This article takes a closer look at what is known as honeymoon cystitis, also known as honeymoon cystitis. In particular, the causes, diagnosis and course, types of treatment and prevention options are discussed. What is honeymoon cystitis? According to DEFINITIONEXPLORER.COM, the term honeymoon cystitis is a very euphemistic expression for an inflammation of the bladder. Honeymoon (English for honeymoon) - It is called cystitis because the inflammation often occurs in women in connection with sexual intercourse. Honeymoon cystitis is an unpleasant, but uncomplicated, ascending infection of the urinary tract, in which bacteria have entered the bladder via the urethra and irritate the mucous membrane there. A urinary tract infection is particularly favored by the anatomy of the female body, medical interventions, disturbances in the flow of urine from the urinary…
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About Typhus

About Typhus

Definitions, Medical
Like malaria and yellow fever, typhus is a tropical disease. In the past, typhus was also popularly known as typhoid lice or typhoid fever. Typhus is one of the bacterial infections transmitted by lice. If left untreated, typhus can lead to death and should therefore be treated by a doctor as soon as possible. If you travel to endangered countries with typhus, you should get vaccinated if necessary. What is typhus? According to BESTEDUCATIONSCHOOLS.COM, typhus is a reportable disease that is transmitted by vectors such as fleas, mites, lice or ticks. The bite of the carrier animal causes an infection with bacteria of the genus Rickettsia, which initially cause itching and discoloration of the bite site. Then there is the characteristic bloated face with a red color, which gave the…
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About Flammer Syndrome

About Flammer Syndrome

Definitions, Medical
Under Flammer syndrome, a group of vascular and non-vascular symptoms is summarized. These are caused by the dysregulation of the blood flow and the patient's increased sensitivity to various stimuli. What is Flammer Syndrome? According to AVIATIONOPEDIA.COM,flammer's syndrome describes a variety of symptoms that are mainly caused by primary vascular dysfunction (PVD). The cause of this PVD is an innate increased sensitivity of the blood vessels to external stimuli such as cold or stress. The vascular dysregulation is accompanied by non-vascular symptoms. Perceptions such as smells, pain or vibrations can be intensified by the increased sensitivity. Outwardly, the Flammer syndrome is sometimes understood as the counterpart to the metabolic syndrome. The patients often show a slim, sporty and agile appearance. The causes for the occurrence of the syndrome are not…
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About Flat Back

About Flat Back

Definitions, Medical
A flat back is a deformation of the spine in which it extends in a straight line from the topmost cervical vertebra to the pelvis. Normally the spine is subject to a natural curve with the purpose of cushioning our daily movements. While there is a forward curvature in the cervical vertebra area, a backward curvature can be found in the thoracic vertebra area. In the lumbar region, the spine curves forward again in a healthy person, just like in the cervical region. Because of this lack of an S-curve, the flat back cannot take on the damping function. This leads to pain for those affected. What is a flat back? According to ACRONYMMONSTER.COM, a flat back is usually recognizable by an exceptionally straight posture and a stiffened neck. These…
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