The basketball or basketball (of the English basketball) is a sport in which they compete two teams of five players each. The objective is to introduce the ball (ball) into the ring (basket or basket) of the opposing team, which is located 3.05 meters high. For this reason, basketball is usually played by people of great stature.
However, we must not forget that for years there has also been another type of basketball that is played by people who have physical disabilities. In particular, there is a modality that is played by those who go in wheelchairs and it must be emphasized that it practically has the same rules as normal basketball.
This game was invented by Canadian physical education teacher James Naismith in December 1891. Naismith wanted to create an activity for young people to perform in a closed gym during the winter.
Thus was born basketball, whose games currently last 40 minutes (four periods of 10 minutes each). The exception to this rule is the American league of the National Basketball Association (NBA), considered the best in the world, whose games last 48 minutes (four 12-minute periods). It should be noted that there are several different rules between the NBA and the Fédération Internationale de Basketball (FIBA), the body that governs this sport internationally.
In both cases, once the second or fourth period is over, the moment of rest takes place, in which the players of both teams, along with the rest of the coaching staff, go to the changing rooms. Properly resting and planning new tactics to beat the opponent are two of the tasks that are carried out during this period of freezing of the game that usually lasts between 15 and 20 minutes approximately.
With regard to measurements, it should be noted that the track, divided into two equal parts, must have dimensions of 15 meters wide by 28 meters long. It must have a central circle of 3.6 meters in diameter.
The ball, for its part, is orange, usually has black lines, must weigh between 600 and 800 grams and must also have a diameter of approximately 24 centimeters.
According to DigoPaul, scores in basketball have different values. The most common is double (worth two points). When players shoot from behind a line that is 6.25 meters from the rim (7.24 meters in the NBA), the score is worth three points (triple). On the other hand, when a player is fouled while shooting the hoop, he gets the right to shoot from the free line, unopposed. In this case, the score will only be worth one point.
In addition to all the above, we cannot ignore mentioning some of the best basketball players in history, such as Michael Jordan, Kobe Bryant, Larry Bird, Magic Johnson or Kareem Abdul Jabar.