|City in the United States|
|– country||296.34 km²|
|– water||0.73 km²|
(April 1, 2020)
|Mayor||Jerry Dyer (R)|
|The center (downtown) of Fresno|
According to iamaccepted, Fresno is a city in the middle of the US state of California and the county seat of Fresno County. The city is located in the San Joaquin Valley, which is part of the Central Valley, and had an estimated population of 527,438 in 2017. It is the largest city in California’s San Joaquin Valley, the 34th largest city in the country (behind Tucson). and ahead of Sacramento) and fifth by state (behind San Francisco and ahead of Sacramento).
Fresno is Spanish for ash tree, and the city’s flag features an ash leaf.
Fresno is located at an average elevation of 94 meters in the San Joaquin Valley close to the geographic center of California, which is in adjacent Madera County. The place is located 200 km inland about 50 km west of the Sierra Nevada. It is also approximately 200 miles (320 km) north of Los Angeles and 270 miles (270 km) south of Sacramento. About 100 kilometers north is Yosemite National Park in the Sierra Nevada.
The ground surface is 296.34 km² and the water surface is 0.73 km², making the total surface area 297.07 km².
North of the town flows the San Joaquin River, which flows west from Millerton Lake, 25 kilometers away.
Fresno has three major parks, two of which are within the city limits and one in the surrounding area southwest of the city. Woodward Park is the largest and located in the north of the San Joaquin, it includes a Japanese garden, several picnic areas and several miles of hiking trails. There is also the Roeding Park near the center (downtown), which houses the Fresno Zoo. Also nearby is Kearney Park with Kearney Mansion.
According to a ranking by The Trust for Public Land, an organization that protects the landscape and creates parks, Fresno had the worst park system of the 50 most populous cities in the United States in 2013. For this purpose, the park size, the percentage of the park area in relation to the total area, accessibility, the time that residents spend there and the number of playgrounds per 10,000 inhabitants were examined.
The city has a steppe climate, BS according to the Köppen system, with mild and relatively wet winters and hot and dry summers. The average annual temperature is 18 degrees Celsius and Fresno is therefore on the border between a warm (>18 °C) and a cold (<18 °C) steppe climate. December is the coldest month with an average temperature of 8.2 °C and July is the hottest month with an average temperature of 28.3 °C. In summer there are many hours of sunshine, especially in June and July where the sun shines for almost 14 hours. On the other hand, there are few hours of sunshine in winter (January and December), namely between four and five hours. This is due to the so-called tulle fog, a thick ground fog in the Central Valley that forms from November to March after the first ‘real’ precipitation.
Annually there is about 292 millimeters of precipitation, which fits a BS climate. The dry season falls in the summer, in July and August there is not even a millimeter of precipitation and the months of June and September are also fairly dry. The rainy season lasts from November to April, with January being the wettest month with an average of 55.6 millimeters of precipitation. In total there are an average of 35 rainy days per year.
|Weather averages for Fresno|
|Highest maximum (°C)||25.6||26.7||30.6||37.8||41.7||43.3||45.0||44.4||41.7||37.8||32.2||25.0||45.0|
|Average maximum (°C)||12.8||16.6||19.8||23.8||29.1||33.4||36.9||36.2||32.7||26.3||18.3||12.8||24.9|
|Average temperature (°C)||8.3||11.1||13.7||16.7||21.2||25.1||28.3||27.5||24.6||18.9||12.4||8.2||18.0|
|Average minimum (°C)||3.8||5.5||7.6||9.6||13.4||16.7||19.7||18.9||16.3||11.6||6.4||3.5||11.1|
|Lowest minimum (°C)||−5||−4.5||0.0||0.0||5.0||7.8||12.2||12.8||7.8||3.9||−1.7||−7.8||−7.8|
|Hours of sunshine (hour/day)||4.6||7.0||9.2||11.2||12.9||13.7||13.8||12.9||11.5||9.8||6.3||4.1||9.8|
|Rainy days (day)||5.6||5.8||6.1||3.2||1.3||0.4||0.1||0.2||0.9||1,8||4.7||4.9||35|
|Source: NOAA (1981-2010) and Hong Kong Observatory (1961-1990)|
The figure below shows nearby places within 15 miles of Fresno.
Biola (20 km)
Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos (19 km)
Bowles (20 km)
Calwa (12 km)
Del Rey (22 km)
Easton (14 km)
Friant (24 km)
Raisin City (22 km)
Sanger (23 km)
Population composition in 2010 (each dot represents 25 inhabitants):
– Red is white
– Blue is black
– Green is Asian
– Orange is Hispanic
– Yellow is other
Fresno is the largest city within the conurbation of the same name, which consists of Fresno and Madera County, and was estimated to have a population of 947,895 in 2012. The city itself had an estimated population of 505,882 in that year. Nationally, it is the 34th largest city in the country in terms of population, behind Tucson (526,116) and ahead of Sacramento (479,686) and within California, it is the fifth largest city behind San Francisco (837,442) and ahead of Sacramento.
At the 2010 census, the population was 494,665. By comparison, Fresno County’s number was 930,450 at the time, and the entire state of California was 37,253,956. 9.3% of the population was older than 65 and 30.1% younger than 18. The racial composition was then as follows; nearly half (49.6%) of the population was white, Native Americans (1.7%) and African Americans (8.3%) make up one-tenth, 12.6% were of Asian descent, 0, 2% were from the Pacific Islands and 5% were a mixed race. The number of Hispanics was 232,055, or 46.9 percent of the population. They are not themselves a separate breed and can in principle belong to any of the above breeds. The majority of Hispanics were of Mexican descent, namely 211,431 persons. Other regions of origin of Hispanics with more than a thousand persons are Puerto Rico (1,825), El Salvador (1,833) and Spain (2,954), and 10,826 Hispanics came from the other countries.
Furthermore, there are notable groups of Armenian Americans and Hmong Americans in Fresno. The number of the first is estimated at more than 6,000. The city was the first major destination for Armenians from the Ottoman Empire in the Western United States. The immigrants were mainly engaged in agriculture. They also have their own church, which is the Armenian-Apistolic Holy Trinity Church. The number of Hmong in the Fresno metropolitan area was over 31,000 in 2010, of which about 24,000 in the city itself, making it after Minneapolis-St. Paulthe largest Hmong community in the country.
Some 20 years after the founding of Fresno in 1872, the population at the 1890 census was 10,818 residents. In the following 10 years the population increased to 12,470 and by 1910 the population had doubled to 24,892 inhabitants. The population continued to grow at about 15% per decade after 1920 and this continued until the 1940s. Between 1950 and 1960 the population reached 100,000 and in 1960 the city was included in the list of 100 largest cities in the United States for the first time. States in place 91. In 1970 Fresno was in place 83 with 165,972 inhabitants and within 10 years the limit of 200,000 was reached. From 1980 to 1990 the population increased sharply by more than one hundred thousand persons and after 1990 the number of inhabitants grew to 427,652 at the 2000 census. and to 494,665 in 2010.
Population development graph from 1890
The Holy Trinity Church
About half of the total population is religious (51.70%), compared to the entire country, this is a few percent higher. The majority of believers are Christian and most of them are Catholic (31.82%). The main church of the Diocese of Fresno, St. John’s Cathedral, is located in the city. Other Christian groups include Pentecostals (4.21%), Baptists (3.53%), Mormons (2.32%), Methodists (0.84%), Lutherans (0.66%), Presbyterians (0.63 ). %), Episcopalians (0.03%) and other denominations (6.01%), including the Armenian Catholic Church and the Armenian Apostolic Church. It is striking that relatively many Catholics and Pentecostals live there and few Baptists, Episcopalians and Lutherans compared to the national average. Other religions represented are Judaism (0.12%), Islam (0.31%) and Eastern religions (1.24%). 
The current mayor of Fresno is Jerry Dyer (since 2021).
The baseball club of the Fresno Grizzlies plays in the Pacific Coast League and, like the (amateur) football club Fresno Fuego, plays its home games in Chukchansi Park.
National Register of Historic Places
Fresno and the immediate vicinity of the city have 30 entries in the National Register of Historic Places. Below is an overview.
|Bank of Italy||1917||1001 Fulton Mall|
|HH Brix Mansion||1911||2844 Fresno Street|
|Einstein Home||1912||1600 M Street|
|Forestiere Underground Gardens||1906 – 1946||5021 W. Shaw Avenue|
|Fresno Bee Building||1922||1555 Van Ness Avenue|
|Fresno Brewing Company||1907||100 M Street|
|Fresno City College Old Administration Building||1916||1101 University Avenue|
|Fresno County Hall of Records||1935 – 1937,
1954 – 1955
|2281 Tulare Street|
|Fresno Republican Printery||1919||2130 Kern Street|
|Fresno Sanitary Landfill||1937||West & Jensen Avenues|
|Holy Trinity Church||1914||2226 Ventura Street|
|Hotel Californian||1923||851 Van Ness Avenue|
|Kearney Mansion||1903||7160 W. Kearney Boulevard|
|Kindler Home||1929||1520 E. Olive Avenue|
|Maubridge Apartments||1911||2344 Tulare Street|
|Fresno Memorial Auditorium||1936||2425 Fresno Street|
|Thomas R. Meux Home||1889||1007 R Street|
|Old Fresno Water Tower||1894||2444 Fresno Street|
|Pantages Theatre||1929||1400 Fulton Street|
|Physicians Building||1926||2607 Fresno Street|
|Rehorn Home||1906||1050 S Street||Image
|Roman Home||1905||2055 San Joaquin Street||Image
|San Joaquin Light & Power Corporation Building||1924||1401 Fulton Street|
|Santa Fe Hotel||1926||935 Santa Fe Avenue|
|Santa Fe Passenger Depot||1899||2650 Tulare Street|
|Southern Pacific Railroad Depot||1889||1713 Tulare Street||Image
|Tower Theatre||1939||1201 N Wishon|
|Twining Laboratories||1930||2527 Fresno Street|
|Warehouse Row Buildings||1903, 1909,
|702 P Street, 764 P Street,
754 P Street
|YWCA Residence Hall||1922||1660 M Street|
The city is home to one of California State University ‘s 23 public campuses, namely Fresno State University. The university is located in the northeast of the city and has approximately 25,000 students.
Traffic and transport
The CA 99 at the interchange with the CA 41
Fresno is the largest non- interstate California town, but it is a junction for several state highways, the most important of which is California State Route 99. This road runs north-south through the Central Valley, connecting the city with Sacramento and Modesto to the north and Bakersfield to the south, among others. Here the CA 99 crosses the CA 41 and the CA 180. CA 41, which begins in Morro Bay near the Pacific Ocean, comes from Lemooreto the south, it enters the town and first crosses the 99 and then the 180 and then continues north towards Yosemite. The CA 180 runs from Mendota in the west through Fresno to Kings Canyon National Park in the east. In the city, the road crosses the 99, the 41 and finally the 168 from west to east. This road begins a little west of downtown and leads to Huntington Lake, further north, in the Sierra Nevada. It forms a connection with, among others, the suburb of Clovis.
Bus transport in the city is served by the Fresno Area Express transport company and in 2013 more than 12 million passengers used the fixed bus routes.
The Santa Fe Passenger Depot
The city’s main passenger service station is the Santa Fe Passenger Depot, where Amtrak ‘s San Joaquins stop. Fresno is served by both BNSF Railway and Union Pacific Railroad freight trains. It is also the intention that the site will be located on the California High-Speed Rail.
Fresno Yosemite International Airport operates scheduled services to and from the city, carrying some 1.2 million passengers in 2013. It is located in the east of the city off CA 168 and CA 180. It is also an important airport for transporting goods from the San Joaquin Valley to the rest of the Western United States and is also used for military purposes.
Fresno Chandler Executive Airport is located 3 kilometers southwest of downtown and is one of the oldest active airports in the state. The traffic does not consist of scheduled services, but of general aviation. There is also Sierra Sky Park Airport to the northwest of Fresno, which is a private airport but does transport passengers via general aviation flights.
Fresno has 6 active town twinning with:
- Afula (Israel)
- Edzhmiatsin (Armenia)
- Kochi (Japan)
- Muenster (Germany)
- Torreon (Mexico)
- Verona (Italy)
Born in Fresno
- Harry Prieste (1896–2001), Armenian-American diver
- William Saroyan (1908-1981), writer
- Mae Laborde (1909-2012), actress
- Frank Thomas (1912-2004), cartoonist
- Duane Carter (1913-1993), racing driver
- Lee Cronbach (1916-2001), psychologist
- Kirk Kerkorian (1917–2015), entrepreneur
- Bill Vukovich (1918-1955), race car driver
- Samuel Lee (1920-2016), diver
- Johnny Baldwin (1922-2000), racing driver
- Sam Peckinpah (1925-1984), film director
- Mike Connors (1925–2017), actor (Mannix)
- Steve White (1925–2005), saxophonist and clarinetist
- Sid Haig (1939–2019), actor
- James van Hoften (1944), astronaut
- Tom Franklin (1950), poker player
- Barbara Morgan (1951), astronaut
- Steve Zaillian (1953), film director, screenwriter and producer
- Timmy T (1967), singer
- Gary Jules (1969), singer
- JP Manoux (1969), actor, voice actor and film director
- Christopher Gorham (1974), actor
- Kevin Federline (1978), rapper and dancer
- Carson Palmer (1979), American football quarterback
- Raquel Kops-Jones (1982), tennis star
- Kevin Chappell (1986), golfer
- Bee Vang (1991), actor
- Miranda Rae Mayo (1990), actress