Geography of Fillmore County, Nebraska

Geography of Fillmore County, Nebraska

Fillmore County is located in the southeastern part of the state of Nebraska, United States. It is known for its rolling hills, fertile farmland, and rich agricultural heritage. Covering an area of approximately 576 square miles, Fillmore County offers a mix of rural landscapes, small towns, and outdoor recreational opportunities.

Location and Borders

According to Foodezine, Fillmore County is situated in the southeastern region of Nebraska, bordered by the counties of York to the north, Saline to the west, Jefferson to the south, and Thayer to the east. The county seat is Geneva, which is centrally located and serves as the administrative and commercial center of the region.

Topography and Terrain

The topography of Fillmore County is characterized by its gently rolling hills, fertile valleys, and agricultural plains. The county lies within the Central Lowland physiographic region, which is known for its flat to gently rolling terrain and fertile soils.

The eastern part of Fillmore County features more wooded areas and waterways, including parts of the Little Blue River and Turkey Creek. The western part of the county is more agricultural, with extensive farmland and open prairies. The county’s landscape is dotted with small towns, farms, and ranches, giving it a quintessentially rural character.


Fillmore County experiences a humid continental climate, with four distinct seasons marked by hot summers, cold winters, and moderate precipitation throughout the year. The region’s climate is influenced by its inland location and elevation, which result in temperature extremes and occasional severe weather.

Summer temperatures in Fillmore County typically range from the 70s to 90s Fahrenheit (around 21-32°C), with occasional heatwaves bringing temperatures into the 100s Fahrenheit (around 38°C) or higher. Humidity levels are moderate, making outdoor activities enjoyable during the summer months.

Winter temperatures are colder, with average highs in the 30s to 40s Fahrenheit (around -1 to 4°C) and lows in the teens to 20s Fahrenheit (around -7 to -1°C). Snowfall is common during the winter months, with snow cover persisting for several weeks or months, particularly in the northern part of the county.

Rivers and Waterways

Fillmore County is traversed by several rivers, streams, and creeks, which provide habitat for fish and wildlife and support local ecosystems. The most significant river in the county is the Little Blue River, which flows through the eastern part of the county and offers opportunities for fishing, boating, and kayaking.

Other notable waterways in Fillmore County include Turkey Creek, West Fork Turkey Creek, and Cub Creek, each of which meanders through the county’s countryside and provides recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike.

Harlan County Reservoir

Although not located within Fillmore County’s borders, the Harlan County Reservoir is a significant water feature that lies just to the south of the county. The reservoir covers approximately 13,000 acres and offers opportunities for boating, fishing, camping, and other water-based activities. It is a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts from Fillmore County and the surrounding area.

Parks and Recreation Areas

Fillmore County is home to several parks, wildlife areas, and conservation areas that showcase the region’s natural beauty and provide opportunities for outdoor recreation. Notable parks in Fillmore County include Geneva City Park, which offers playgrounds, picnic areas, and sports facilities, as well as access to the Little Blue River for fishing and kayaking.

Other popular parks in Fillmore County include the Blue Stem Lake State Recreation Area and the Sandy Creek Wildlife Management Area. These areas provide habitat for a variety of plant and animal species and offer opportunities for hiking, birdwatching, and other outdoor activities.


Agriculture is the backbone of Fillmore County’s economy, with fertile soils and a favorable climate supporting a variety of crops and livestock. The county is known for its production of corn, soybeans, wheat, and alfalfa, as well as cattle, hogs, and poultry.

In addition to traditional agriculture, Fillmore County also has a growing number of specialty crop producers, including fruit and vegetable growers, vineyards, and nurseries. Agritourism is also becoming increasingly popular in the area, with farms offering activities such as pumpkin patches, corn mazes, and farm-to-table dining experiences.

Historical Sites and Landmarks

Fillmore County has a rich history dating back to the early 19th century, with several historical sites and landmarks that showcase the region’s heritage. Notable historical sites in Fillmore County include the Fillmore County Courthouse, which dates back to the late 19th century and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Other historical landmarks in Fillmore County include the Geneva Mill, the Fairmont Creamery, and the Carleton Presbyterian Church. These sites offer visitors a glimpse into the county’s past and its role in shaping the history of Nebraska.


Fillmore County, Nebraska, is a region of natural beauty, agricultural abundance, and rural charm. From its rolling hills and fertile farmland to its meandering rivers and small towns, the county offers something for everyone to enjoy.

Whether exploring the parks and trails, fishing on the rivers and lakes, or learning about the region’s history and culture, visitors to Fillmore County are sure to be captivated by its scenic landscapes and welcoming atmosphere. With its diverse ecosystems, rich agricultural heritage, and abundance of recreational opportunities, Fillmore County exemplifies the best of Nebraska living and invites visitors to experience its beauty and hospitality.