Guilt is an imputation made to someone for a behavior that generated a certain reaction. It is also known as guilt to the fact that it is the cause of something else.
For example: “The actor’s family assures that the star committed suicide because of journalistic harassment”, “My grandfather had to leave the country because of political persecution”, “Television is no longer useful because of the electrical storm that burned the circuits”.
In law, fault implies the omission of due conduct to prevent and avoid damage.
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Fault in law
In the field of law, guilt refers to the omission of diligence required of a subject. This implies that the harmful act imputed to him motivates his civil or criminal liability. Guilt, therefore, consists of the omission of due conduct to foresee and avoid damage, whether due to negligence, imprudence or inexperience.
A criminal offense is given by the act or omission that generates a result that is described as sanctioned by criminal law. The culprit should have foreseen such an outcome; instead, he did not act with the care that he should.
Guilt implies reckless and careless action. The fraud, on the other hand, is given by the knowledge and the will to carry out a punishable conduct that constitutes a crime. A man who shoots another has the intention of injuring him (there is fraud); On the other hand, if a person is cleaning a gun and it goes off by mistake, he is guilty even if there is no intent.
Guilt can be associated with a feeling of responsibility for causing harm.
For psychology, guilt is an action or omission that generates a feeling of responsibility for a damage caused: “I feel that, because of me, my daughter suffered too much”.
In many ideologies guilt is used as a measure of control. Through emotional mechanisms, it is achieved that the subjects who want to dominate assume a guilt that has been ruled by the hegemonic power; this makes them vulnerable and capable of facing whatever it takes as long as they do not act incorrectly.
The feeling of guilt is one of the biggest problems that invade our lives. From a young age they stun us with it, showing us that we are not free and that everything we do affects the lives of others, even if what we do is authentically ours. They teach us to understand life based on obligations and responsibilities. We are not educated to be free but to depend on others in an unhealthy way. All this feeds a vicious circle of unhappiness where individual happiness seems not to be important.
Guilt and submission
Although in life in society it is necessary that we all do our bit to be able to lead an orderly existence, sometimes we confuse harmony with submission. If there is something that harms us as individuals, we must work to eliminate it from our lives, even if resolving it requires us to break a relationship with another person. Harming others is something inevitable because each one perceives the world in his own way, but when harm has not been the objective of our actions, but the search for our own freedom, what can really be the problem?
In religious education, the feeling of guilt is a weapon of manipulation that makes many individuals, after having left the Church a long time ago, continue to suffer that anguish and suffocation caused by guilt.
In morality, guilt occupies a fundamental place to “force” the faithful to act in the way in which the Church considers that we should all act; Otherwise, the individual will be condemned to a life of psychological torture that could lead him to develop deep sadness and the impossibility of fighting for his own desires.