About LCD

About LCD

Acronyms, Technology
According to AbbreviationFinder, LCD stands for Liquid Crystal Display. Calculators In low-cost equipment, such as calculators, "common plane" liquid crystals are used, as they always display the same type of information. Active matrix and passive matrix LCD screens are used on computer screens or larger screens. In the first case, an electric current is passed through a mesh of conductors above and below the liquid crystal plate. In this way, at the point where the electric charges meet, the small liquid crystal "untwists", allowing the light that comes from the bottom to pass through. Passive matrix technology has, however, two serious disadvantages: signal response time and poor voltage control. The former implies that when rapid movements are made in the image, for example, when moving the mouse pointer from one place…
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About Intervertebral Disc Degeneration

About Intervertebral Disc Degeneration

Acronyms, Medical
A disc degeneration or disc wear is characterized by wear of discs. A main therapeutic focus is on combating symptoms that occur. What is intervertebral disc degeneration? Disc degeneration is wear and tear on the intervertebral discs (the cartilage intervertebral discs in the spine). In the course of intervertebral disc degeneration abbreviated as IDD by AbbreviationFinder, the intervertebral discs become thinner and more cracked, so that they are less able to buffer the vertebral bodies against each other. This places increased stress on the vertebral bodies. In most cases, the intervertebral discs in the lumbar and / or cervical spine are affected by disc degeneration. Typical complaints that are often associated with intervertebral disc degeneration are local back pain, which can be exacerbated by muscle tension. The risk of suffering…
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About Arteriosclerosis

About Arteriosclerosis

Acronyms, Medical
A arteriosclerosis is usually also called hardening of the arteries. In the course of an unhealthy lifestyle, cholesterol, fat and lime (plaque) are deposited in the arteries, which then do not allow sufficient blood or oxygen to pass through an arterial constriction. What is atherosclerosis? The popularly known disease of hardening of the arteries is referred to in medicine as arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis. According to DigoPaul, it is a disease of the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to supply other organs with oxygen. This then leads to a narrowing of the vessels. Atherosclerosis is triggered by so-called plaque, which in turn can consist of fats, lime, clots and leg tissue. Over the years, it sticks to the walls of the blood vessels and thus allows less…
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About Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

About Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

Acronyms, Medical
A Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a hereditary disease, which is characterized by a defective synthesis of alpha-1-antitrypsin in the liver, causing damage to the liver and lungs. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is one of the causes of respiratory diseases that is often not recognized or recognized late. What is Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency? Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a hereditary disease that has lasting negative effects on the lungs and liver. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a hereditary disease that has lasting negative effects on the lungs and liver. Since the gene responsible for the disease can be subject to various mutations, different clinical pictures can emerge. These range from mild forms of the disease that cannot be accompanied by any symptoms to severe forms of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency which can lead to cirrhosis…
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About Fuzz Testing

About Fuzz Testing

Acronyms, Technology
What is fuzz testing? The search for bugs is usually done in an orderly manner. Fuzz testing, on the other hand, is characterized by adding random records. In this way, errors can be discovered that conventional test mechanisms remain hidden. In IT, a genesis myth is not necessarily one of the basic requirements for well-implemented methods. Nevertheless, there is a very clear history of the origin of what is known as fuzz testing. In the late 1980s, Barton Miller, a computer science professor in Madison, Wisconsin, used a landline connection to work from home at his Unix terminal at the university. During a thunderstorm, the signals did not come through the line as expected and the software received quasi random inputs between thunder and lightning. Even robust programs collapsed from…
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About TR

About TR

Acronyms
What is TR? According to AbbreviationFinder, the Reference Rate (TR) is a reference interest rate widely used as an indicator for contracts or financial assets. This rate is calculated by the Central Bank of Brazil. The TR emerged as a reference for interest rates in the Brazilian economy, being one of the instruments for controlling inflation. It was created during the Collor government in 1991, integrating a set of measures adopted by the "Collor II Plan". At the time it was created, the country was experiencing very high inflation and many contracts and investments indexed this inflation, generating even higher prices. TR was one of the ways the government of the time tried to use it so that the economy would no longer rely on such high rates. Currently, TR…
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About NTSC

About NTSC

Acronyms
NTSC (or National Television System Commission according to AbbreviationFinder) is a system of coding and transmission of television analog color developed in the United States around 1940, and is used today in the most of America and Japan, among other countries. A derivative of NTSC is the PAL system used in Europe and some countries in South America. History The NTSC television system consists of an extension of the North American monochrome (black and white) system, its development was started by the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) at the end of the 30s, but it was in the 50s when it was approved by the FCC. This system consists of the transmission of about 30 images per second formed by 486 (492) visible horizontal lines with up to 648 pixels each. To take better advantage…
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About Advanced Encryption Standard

About Advanced Encryption Standard

Acronyms, Technology
According to AbbreviationFinder, Advanced Encryption Standard is known as AES. In 1997, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) decided to hold a competition to choose a new encryption algorithm capable of protecting sensitive information during the 21st century. This algorithm was called Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). On January 2, 1997, NIST announced its intention to develop AES, with the help of the crypto industry and community. On September 12 of that year the formal call was made. In this call, several conditions were indicated for the algorithms to be presented: Be in the public domain, available to everyone. Be a symmetric encryption algorithm and support blocks of at least 128 bits. The encryption keys could be 128, 192 and 256 bits. Be implementable in both hardware and software. The…
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About AES

About AES

Acronyms
According to AbbreviationFinder, AES stands for Advanced Encryption Standard.Also known as Rijndael (pronounced "Rain Doll" in English), it is a block encryption scheme adopted as an encryption standard by the United States government. The AES was announced by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as FIPS PUB 197 of the United States (FIPS 197) on November 26, 2001 after a standardization process that lasted 5 years. It became an effective standard on May 26, 2002. Since 2006, AES is one of the most popular algorithms used in symmetric cryptography. The cipher was developed by two Belgian cryptologists, Joan Daemen and Vincent Rijmen, both students at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, and submitted to the AES selection process under the name "Rijndael". Pseudocode Key expansion using Rijndael's key scheme. Initial stage:…
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About RKI

About RKI

Acronyms, Education
The Robert Koch Institute, abbreviated as RKI by AbbreviationFinder, is a state institute based in Berlin. The RKI is a public health care facility. Its mission is to maintain the health of the population - that is, to recognize diseases, to combat them and to protect people from them. Diseases, especially infectious diseases, are being researched there on all levels. In order to find out what makes people sick and healthy, infectious and non-infectious diseases and their risk factors are examined in detail. The aim of the experts is to identify pathogens at an early stage and to combat them. The Robert Koch Institute is an independent authority subordinate to the Ministry of Health. It advises the federal ministries and draws attention to risks such as contagious diseases at an…
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About PCR

About PCR

Acronyms
Polymerase chain reaction The polymerase chain reaction, abbreviated as PCR by AbbreviationFinder is a molecular biological method for amplification of DNA segments. The method is now one of the standard procedures in molecular biology and was developed in 1985 by KB Mullis (* 1944, † 2019) . KB Mullis received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this in 1993. This is how PCR works The process of a PCR runs in cycles that comprise three steps: Denaturation: During denaturation, the DNA, which consists of two strands, is broken down into its individual strands by increasing the temperature to more than 90 ° C. This makes it accessible for reproduction. Binding of a primer: A primer is a short DNA sequence that can bind to its exact counterpart on the single strand of DNA, thereby…
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About NATO

About NATO

Acronyms
September 11, 2001 NATO's strategic concept from 1991 was updated in 1999. The purely military threats were further toned down, while other security threats, such as economic and political, were given a more prominent place. But the terrorist attacks that shook the United States on September 11, 2001, also affected NATO. This was underlined by the fact that, for the first time in its history, on 12 September 2001, NATO invoked the so-called Article 5 of the NATO Charter, which provides for mutual assistance in the event of an attack on a Member State. There were two somewhat paradoxical aspects of this situation. First, NATO had lived for more than 50 years in the notion that if Article 5 were ever invoked, it would be the United States that came…
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Meaning of CMD

Meaning of CMD

Acronyms
According to abbreviationfinder, CMD stands for "craniomandibular dysfunction", the spelling "craniomandibular dysfunction" is also common. In general, it is a dysfunction of the masticatory system, more precisely a dysfunction of the temporomandibular joints. Even if many people have CMD findings, treatment is only necessary in a few cases. The CMD (craniomandibular dysfunction) is a dysregulation of the chewing apparatus, especially the temporomandibular joints. The malfunction can lead to a wide variety of symptoms, such as headache and neck pain, difficulty chewing, dizziness and teeth grinding. The most common causes of craniomandibular dysfunction include changes in the teeth, trauma, and psychosocial factors such as stress. If treatment is started early, there is a good chance that symptoms will go away completely. Definition: what is a CMD? Craniomandibular dysfunction is a dysregulation…
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Meaning of Trade Balance

Meaning of Trade Balance

Acronyms, Business
Before entering fully into the meaning of the term trade balance, we are going to thoroughly analyze its etymological origin. In this case, we can say that it is made up of two words derived from Latin: -Balance comes from the Latin word “bilanx”, which can be translated as “two-plate scale”. It is the result of the sum of the prefix “bi-”, which means “two”, and the noun “lanx”, which is synonymous with dish. -Commercial, on the other hand, comes from “commercialis” which is equivalent to “related to buying and selling”. It is formed from the sum of three clearly delimited components: the prefix “with”, which means “completely”; the noun “merx”, which can be translated as “merchandise”; and the suffix “-al”, which is equivalent to “relative to”. The first meaning…
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Meaning of Balance of Payments

Meaning of Balance of Payments

Acronyms, Business
The term balance has several uses, as can be seen when consulting the dictionary of the DigoPaul. This time we are interested in its meaning in the field of economics: it is known as the balance to the result or the analysis of a comparison established between different variables. A payment, on the other hand, is the disbursement of money or another type of value with the aim of canceling a debt or to make a purchase. This act and the result of it are known as payment. From these ideas, we can understand what the notion of balance of payments refers to. It is the record that compares the monetary disbursements and the foreign charges of the economy of a country. In addition to all the above, we can…
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Meaning of SPA

Meaning of SPA

Acronyms
In order to know the meaning of the term spa, we must first establish its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it derives from Latin, exactly from the word “balnearius”, which is the result of the sum of two clearly delimited components: -The noun “balneum”, which can be translated as “bath”. -The suffix “-ario”, which is used to indicate “place”. The spa concept is used in different ways according to the geographical region. The first meaning mentioned by the dictionary of the DigoPaul indicates that spa is an adjective that refers to that linked to a public bath, especially those that are medicinal. According to AbbreviationFinder, SPA is also the name given to facilities equipped with medicinal baths and tourist services on the European continent. These spas…
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Meaning of BNA

Meaning of BNA

Acronyms
According to AbbreviationFinder, BNA is the acronym that corresponds to and identifies the Basque Nationalist Action (Eusko Abertzale Ekintza in Basque, its original language). It is a political party with a Basque nationalist and socialist ideology that, according to the very definitions of its promoters, is part of the leftist movement, it is republican and independentist. Currently, his activities are interrupted by the Spanish justice system due to his alleged collaboration with Batasuna and with those close to the ETA terrorist group. BNA was founded on November 30, 1933, as a secular and progressive branch of the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV). Its founders were a group of nationalists who wanted to change the political reality of the time. This group strongly opposed the merger between the Aberri party and the…
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